The Bleeding Disorders Association of the Southern Tier
(Member organization of the Hemophilia Federation of America)
Hemophilia A & B are inherited genetic blood disorders resulting in impaired blood coagulation. They primarily affect males while being passed on by females who carry the hemophilia gene. Although rare, females may also have hemophilia. Most female carriers don't experience bleeding symptoms, however it is possible for female carriers to have low factor levels associated with bleeding problems.
Types of Hemophilia
There are 2 main types of Hemophilia
Hemophilia A -
Hemophilia B -
Severity of Hemophilia
The severity of bleeding differs among patients depending on the level of clotting factor in the blood.
1. Patients with a family history of blood disorders
2. When bleeding symptoms occur (frequent or excess bruising, swelling, etc)
Is made by blood tests that measure the level of clotting factor VIII or IX. The levels generally remain unchanged throughout a lifetime, except for pregnant females where hormones raise the levels.
Treatment of Hemophilia
Replace missing clotting protein factor VIII and factor IX products. They are given intravenous pushover 10-
Treatment used to rely only on human blood products but now synthetic clotting factors that are available offer a safer effective treatment.
Conservative treatment using ice, elevating affected extremity and use of crutches or splints. For children protective gear i.e. helmets/kneepads and elbow pads allow them to remain active but protected from injury.
Complications of Hemophilia
1. Joint Damage -
2. Viral Infections -
For more specific and factual information on Hemophilia's A & B, including cause, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and more visit
Testing may be indicated for:
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